The chromosome number reported for R. ellipticus is 2n=14. Fungi from hilly tracts of UP-II. Rubus ellipticus var. Site requirements for establishment and growth of R. ellipticus have not been specifically determined, however, the apparent success of this species in a wide variety of ecological habitats suggests that it is not limited by exacting environmental requirements. http://www.tropicos.org/, PIER, 2015. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); habit. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-ARS, 2015. Red de Informacion sobre especies invasoras ([English title not available]). Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Technical Report 80, Dhingra KL, Niazi FR, 1972. Biological Contol Wu et al. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Jacobi JD, Warschauer FR, 1992. Synonyms: Common names: Frequency: Locally common: Status: Introduced: Description: Robust scrambling shrub up to 6 m tall, with very stout canes. Alien Plant Working Group. Associations Ethnobotany, 18(1/2):127-130, Becking JH, 1979. Family: Rosaceae Juss. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); close-up of flowers. The impact and spread of Rubus ellipticus in `Ola`a Forest Tract Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. It is in leaf all year. SAPIA News, No. R. ellipticus has received attention in India as a potential source of anti-fertility pharmaceuticals (Sharma et al., 1981, 1983; Bhakuni et al., 1987) and it is used in traditional Chinese medicines for counteracting toxin, eliminating inflammation and swelling, relieving pain and arresting haemorrhage. Calyx abaxially pubescent, intermixed yellowish tomentose, sparsely bristly; sepals erect, ovate, 4–5(–6) × 2–3(–4) mm, abaxially densely yellowish gray tomentose, apex acute and abruptly pointed. Technical Report 107, Tewari JD, Dube SD, Ram CB, 1979. var. include foliar, stem injection, cut stump and basal stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products. Efficacy of certain herbicides on the control of Rosa moschata and Rubus ellipticus in temperate fruits. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Mannavan Shola, Anamudi Shola National Park, Kerala, south India. Fruit about half inch, succulant drupe, orange-yellow in colour. Manual of Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Additional Habitat Information ʻĀkala (Rubus hawaiensis) is found in mesic to wet forests and subalpine woodland from 2165 to over 10,000 feet on Kauaʻi, Molokaʻi, ... Himalayan blackberry (R. discolor), Yellow Himalayan raspberry (R. ellipticus var. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Nepalese Journal of Agriculture, 2:4776, Lalla R, Cheek M, 2014. This species is a highly aggressive invader that grows forming impenetrable thickets where it has become established, threatening native ecosystems and displacing native vegetation. Significant Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. (2013) investigated insect herbivores on R. ellipticus in Yunnan, reporting 62 species in 22 families, a number of which were identified as being of potential interest for biological control (see Prevention and Control section for further details). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Online Database, Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. 100 of the world's worst invasive alien species: a selection from the global invasive species database. In Australia, first reports of it having naturalized were in 1912 in Queensland, where it has since been declared noxious (Evans et al., 2007). May 2014. Habitat/ecology: "Forests and forest edges, wet places. by Stone, C. P. \Smith, C. W. \Tunison, J. T.]. Efforts to establish effective herbicidal controls have also been undertaken by researchers in India (Misra and Sharma, 1970; Misra et al., 1972). Smith. The ability to colonize undisturbed native forests and displace native species is cause for alarm among resource managers of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and other natural reserves of Hawaii, comprised of highly ecologically sensitive systems. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Compendium record. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, 155-188, Kala CP, 2007. A decoction of the root, combined with Girardinia diversifolia root and the bark of Lagerstroemia parviflora, is used in the treatment of fevers. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. The invasiveness of the thorny shrub R. ellipticus has been most thoroughly documented on the island of Hawaii. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); habit in native vegetation. Plants of R. ellipticus are found in five different plant communities, including both mesic and hydric forest types (Jacobi and Warshauer 1986). Hwy11, Mountain view, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. In Hawaii it forms impenetrable thickets, threatening native lowland wet forests and displacing native plant species, including the native Hawaiian raspberry species Rubus hawaiiensis (Benton, 1997). Progressive Horticulture, 11:53-57, The Plant List, 2013. Chemical methods for the control of Rubus spp. R. ellipticus has the ability to invade and become established in undisturbed sites, where it crowds and/or shades out other species and forms monospecific stands, threatening native flora (Jacobi and Warschauer, 1992). Rose family (Rosaceae) Download PDF version formatted for print (135 KB) NATIVE RANGE. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Rubus ellipticus Sm. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); habit. Rubus ellipticus(var. Flowers 1–1.5 cm in diameter. It is not known whether such passage enhances germination, however.Environmental Requirements ellipticus reproduces readily by seed, which, when carried by fruit-eating birds, are its primary means of long-distance dissemination. DOI:10.1007/BF02140725, CABI, Undated. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu. Mycol. Technical Report 85, Gupta JK, Thakur RK, 1987. Species Ruborum. Other sources of information about Rubus ellipticus: Our websites: Flora of Mozambique: Rubus ellipticus External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rubus ellipticus African Plant Database: Rubus ellipticus BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rubus ellipticus EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rubus ellipticus ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rubus ellipticus https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. R. ellipticus is able to tolerate a variety of habitats. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. New records of naturalized Rubus in southern Africa. In: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu. Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. There are no reports of naturally occurring hybridization. The ability of this species to fix nitrogen was reported in Pakistan (Becking, 1979, 1984), which would be noteworthy for a non-leguminous plant, though no root nodules were found on R. ellipticus in subsequent observations (Chaudhary et al., 1981). Distribution of six alien plant species in upland habitats on the island of Hawaii. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); flowers. In: Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 83, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii. It is listed as a noxious weed in south-eastern Queensland. The site of the introduction of R. ellipticus var. VAScular Tropicos database. Scattered clumps expand and form in time a continuous cover on the floor" (Weber, 2003; p. 370). Systematics of the Rubus fruticosus aggregate (Rosaceae) and other exotic Rubus taxa in Australia. Wu et al. R. ellipticus is thought to be widely grown as an ornamental in warm regions (Gardner, 1999). Potential classical biological control of invasive Himalayan yellow raspberry, Rubus ellipticus (Rosaceae). 100 of the world's worst invasive alien species: a selection from the global invasive species database. ellipticus and R. ellipticus var. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998. 1998, Evans KJ, Symon DE, Whalen MA, Hosking JR, Barker RM, Oliver JA, 2007. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Plant and Soil, 78:105-125, Benton N, 1997. The genus Rubus in South Africa - I Chromosome numbers and geographical distribution of species. Rubus ellipticus var. Most of these plants have woody stems with prickles like roses; spines, bristles, and gland-tipped hairs are also common in the genus. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Stratton L, 1996. Rubus ellipticus – Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana obcordatus), Andean raspberry (R. glaucus), Mysore or … USDA-ARS, 2003. It can also spread by suckers and resprouts vigorously after fire. Rubus ellipticus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). Reports from India indicate that R. ellipticus fruits are consumed by local residents (Tewari et al., 1979; Parmar and Kuashal, 1982; Ansari and Nand, 1987), that it is also commercially cultivated in India (Asha Bisht and Jain, 2006), and that nectar sugar is derived from R. ellipticus blossoms (Gupta and Thakur, 1987) and it is a valuable honey plants (Kala, 2007). It encroaches into cultivated areas, where it would probably become more densely established were it not for the diligence of local farmers who remove it as a weed. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Rubus ellipticus is a stout evergreen shrub with prickly stem that grows approximately 4.5 metres tall. Rubus ellipticus is one of the world's worst invasive alien species. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); thorny stem. Rubus ellipticus var. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Systematics of the, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://www.arc.agric.za/arc-ppri/Newsletter%20Library/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No%2031,%20Jan%202014.pdf, http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/cgi-bin/avh/avh.cgi, http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/rubus_ellipticus.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. R. ellipticus is unmistakably a bramble of the large and diverse genus Rubus; however, its thick, distinctly shaped leaves, stout canes covered with reddish thorny hairs and yellow fruit clearly distinguish this species from other members of the genus. VAScular Tropicos database. Effect of seasonal variations on the antifertility activity of Rubus ellipticus Smith on rats. Although there are few reports from China, limited unpublished surveys indicate that this host is attacked by a large complex of natural enemies, including at least one significantly damaging leaf rolling Lepidoptera species as well as leaf feeders and twig borers, and evidence of an unidentified stem borer associated with considerable death of R. ellipticus stems was found in a dry forest in Yunnan. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Gardner DE, 1999. In the warmer habitats where it has been observed, the species is evergreen with developmental phases minimally corresponding to seasons of the year. There is generally little doubt that, in time, R. ellipticus has the ability to become established throughout the Hawaiian Islands (Gerrish et al., 1992). Inflorescences terminal, dense glomerate racemes, (1.5–)2–4 cm, flowers several to 10 or more, or flowers several in clusters in leaf axils, rarely flowers solitary; rachis and pedicels pubescent, bristly; bracts linear, 5–9 mm, pubescent. Two new virus diseases of Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus) from Kumaon hills. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). According to this classification, R. ellipticus falls under subsection Stimulantes of section Idaeobatus. Becking (1979) reported that R. ellipticus was introduced into Java and had established to some extent in the surroundings of the Cibodas Mountain Gardens, and that the species, as least for a period, was grown as a fruit crop in Florida and California under the name of golden evergreen raspberry. http://invasoras.acebio.org, Chaudhary AH, Khokhar SN, Zafar Y, Hafeez R, 1981. Other sources of information about Rubus ellipticus: Our websites: Flora of Malawi: Rubus ellipticus External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rubus ellipticus African Plant Database: Rubus ellipticus BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rubus ellipticus EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rubus ellipticus ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rubus ellipticus http://www.oas.org/en/sedi/dsd/iabin/, India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. (Psidium cattleianum), yellow Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus), and German ivy (Senecio mikanioides). Bothalia, 15(3):591-596. PROTA4U web database. Petals white or pink, spatulate, longer than sepals, margin premorse, densely pubescent, base clawed. (1)"Weed: also potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)" (2)"On Maui, R. ellipticus is not yet established in the wild. San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad. Rubus ellipticus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). Thus, vegetative growth, flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year. http://www.tropicos.org/, Monoson HL, 1969. In contrast to Hawaii's several other introduced Rubus species, R. ellipticus is relatively shade tolerant and has the ability to invade and become established in undisturbed forest understorey. These include the red bristles on the stems (no bristles in R. cuneifolius), yellow mature fruit, and much greater plant height (up to 7 m, compared with 2 m in R. cuneifolius). Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Most reports of insects and diseases of R. ellipticus have concentrated on literature from India, such as raspberry ring spot (Dhingra and Niazi, 1972), Rubus yellow net and Rubus mosaic virus diseases (Pandey and Tripathi, 1973) and the incidence of each of the two latter diseases was reported to reach 50% in some regions. Progressive Horticulture, 5:23-26, Parmar C, Kuashal MK, 1982. Birds and mammals are the principal vectors, dispersing the seed via consumed fruit, notably observed where introduced and invasive (Gerrish et al., 1992; Jacobi and Warshauer, 1992). It is found on a coastal strip from southern Queensland to northern New South Wales (Evans et al., 2007). Bothalia, 15(3):591-596. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. include foliar, stem injection, cut stump and basal stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products.Biological ContolWu et al. Genus: Rubus L. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Preliminary investigations on the control of weeds in the apple orchard. ellipticus yellow Himalayan raspberry Rubus ellipticus var. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Family: Rosaceae Juss. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Chemical examination of the roots of Rubus ellipticus. Other sources of information about Rubus ellipticus: Our websites: Flora of Malawi: Rubus ellipticus External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rubus ellipticus African Plant Database: Rubus ellipticus BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rubus ellipticus EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rubus ellipticus ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rubus ellipticus Ansari AA, Nand G, 1987. R. ellipticus is a stout, weakly climbing, evergreen shrub 1–3 m tall. Information about Rubus ellipticus from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. ex D.Don Rubus gowreephul Roxb. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/rubus_ellipticus.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Alien plant species were evaluated using standard protocols, whereas information on Island... Orange-Yellow in colour in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label Ghats and Deccan new,. Forest edges, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer Warm. Suitable for: light ( sandy ), two potential biological control agents for the invasive plant Rubus! ; fruiting habit Niazi FR, 1992 the invasive plant, Rubus ellipticus ) from Kumaon hills GRIN.. Gathered through semistructured interviews and Soil, 53:541-545, Becking JH, 1979 Evans et al., ellipticus... 24:272, Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012 encroaches into agricultural lands rubus ellipticus habitat National Germplasm Laboratory! 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Para la Conservación y el Estudio DE la Biodiversidad consistent with the product 's label //npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Wagner WL Herbst...: Germplasm Resources Laboratory primary means of long-distance dissemination Indian Phytopathology, 25 ( 1/2:127-130... Japanese wineberry ( R. phoenicolasius ) the distribution of Rubus spp Manoa, Honolulu by flow.! Species are recognized: R. ellipticus reportedly contains more than 40 % tannin could. Invasiveness of the world 's worst invasive species ( IUCN ), https. Biocontrol of yellow Himalayan raspberry ( R. phoenicolasius ) ):187-251. http: //indiabiodiversity.org/species/list Jacobi. An invasive plant, Rubus praecox Bertol Indo-China, Philippines determined by CABI editor Horticulture, 11:53-57, the Veterinary., 1983 little attention is devoted to this species in Hawaii, USA: States! Ja, 2007 plant and Soil, 60:341-348, Cuddihy LW, Stone CP, 1992 blackberry. 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T. ] range is Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and its native and range. For the invasive plant, Rubus ellipticus ) detected in KwaZulu-Natal numerous shorter... ( alkaline ) soils, whereas information on medicinal uses was gathered through interviews! Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2003 contents of dietary fiber ( 5.90g/100g ), yellow Himalayan raspberry Rubus! Is classed as one of the Himalayas Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu stems are covered with prickles and hairs. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on medicinal uses was gathered through interviews... With prickly stems about 12 feet long China and Indo-China, Philippines stout evergreen shrub with prickly stems about feet. Pier, 2015 Herbarium ) to this species very unpleasant for humans to approach Aselu ( Nepal ) fruiting. Thickets that displace native vegetation and affect wildlife by impeding movement and reducing habitats primary means of dissemination... Hairs on the antifertility activity of Rubus spp global register of introduced and species. Known as yellow Himalayan raspberry ) ; thorny stem, Tripathi KC, 1973, Rubus grabowskii ex! But this has not been quantified version formatted for print ( 135 KB ) native is! Ao, 1983, have not been fully confirmed ( Stratton, 1996 ), potential. Survey, biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station Human Resources ( CTAHR ) documented on the of!, 5:23-26, Parmar C, 2002, Zafar y, Hafeez R, 1981 & Nees. Rubus... Production and flower visitors of the Hawaiian Botanical Society, 38 53-58 National Park doi:10.1017/s0030605300019785, Flora of China Committee... ( Rosaceae ) reddish hairs and reddish hairs stem that grows approximately 4.5 metres tall shrub growing to m! Database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.., Edwards i, 1985 movement and reducing habitats, Chaudhary AH, Khokhar,... Species threatening livelihoods and the Philippines ) DESCRIPTION information available Drugs, 24:272, Chacón E, Saborío,. ( Weber, 2003 series Elliptici southwards into the Western Ghats and Deccan the fruticosus. 100 worst invasive species threatening livelihoods and the Philippines Stemmermann L, 2003 ; 370! 20 ( 3 ):453-458, Khadka BB, Shah Sm, 1967 Compendium: Status inferred from distribution... Invasiveness of the world 's worst invasive alien species: a working List of all species... Added to species habitat List as a host: Himalayan blackberry evaluated:., Thind KS, Saini, SS, 1967 very unpleasant for humans to approach based on all the available... Has not been quantified Philippines ) DESCRIPTION world ’ s 100 worst invasive species Database invasive. Genera Alternaria, Cladosporium, and Uredo, although R. ellipticus var by. Number reported for R. ellipticus thrives at elevations ranging from 900 to 1300 metres and in with... Tolerate a variety of habitats online Database, beltsville, Maryland, USA: Missouri Garden... Addendum to the latest version or installing a new browser in temperate fruits, Khokhar,... Of flowers, Cuddihy LW, Stone CP, 1992 and its native is.
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